Also known as Roman cat, the common European cat is, as the name suggests, one of the most common breeds found in Europe. In addition to being a common pet in homes of all kinds, it is also common to find it in the wild in colonies in cities. It is a very heterogeneous breed with a multitude of variables both in its physical features and in its temperament being one of the reasons why it’s so numerous.
The origin of the common European cat is unknown, but it is one of the oldest felines on the planet. Possibly the first specimens appeared in Africa and Asia, as a result of crosses between various feline species. The Romans would find in this animal an ideal companion, and they were in charge of making the breed spread throughout the world. Hence it is also known as a Roman cat. Although it is not possible to define exactly the ancestors of the European cat, it is most likely that in its DNA are the remains of the African wildcat and the jungle cat.
These cats quickly arrived at homes from all corners of Europe and to the rest of the world. Humans got very loyal companions and also unrivalled hunters to leave houses free of rodents and other small animals. It even became so popular that it was unusual to find a house where there was one.
Despite its expansion, it took several years for the International Feline Federation to accept the breed as an official one. The first attempt was in 1925, a request that was denied. So it took until 1983 for the common European cat to be a breed as such.
The main problem of the significant increase of specimens of this breed, is that there was no control over the breeding. Which also led to the creation of wild street colonies full of cats. This made people’s awareness of this breed not as high as others, which is why it is still so common to see homeless and even abandoned cats on the street.
Common European Cat Features
Although you can find countless combinations and variations in the specimens belonging to the common European cat, the truth is that they all share some specific features. For example, they are usually medium-sized, strong and muscular cats, albeit with a slender and athletic silhouette. These are well-proportioned animals in the length of their legs and tail. And large, rounded eyes that can appear in any color, although the most common ones are blue, green or yellow.
It is very adaptable to all kinds of circumstances, such as the type of habitat, temperature, etc. The natural development of the breed has made it live well anywhere and show greater strength and strength if changes occur.
On the other hand, it is worth mentioning his fur. Usually, the European cat is short hair, thin, bright and very soft to the touch. In case of finding long-haired examples of the European cat, it is most likely a cross with another breed, so it could not be considered as such.
As for the shades, the standard of the breed accepts all kinds of colors and patterns in the breed, the most common being brown cats. It is easy to find specimens of common European cat striped grey, European cat bicolor, tricolor, tabby, jaspered, monocolor, etc. And all of them with any coloration or mixture of them, from black to white, to orange and any other.
The breed is so variable that it is possible to find specimens from 9 to 17 pounds (4 kilos to 8 kilos) in weight.
Common European Cat Behavior
The common European cat has a very variable character depending on the specimen. This breed has not been defined at the level of breeding and selection of specimens as it has done with others, in consequence it is difficult to find homogeneity in its current temperament. The most important thing to develop a suitable temperament, is to offer the cat a proper education and a correct socialization.
As more general features of the domestic European cat, it highlights the fact that it is an independent animal, which does not imply that it is unaffectionate. In fact, it is an animal that usually seeks the affection of its owner, although it can be unfriendly to people it does not know.
It also stands out in this race a high intelligence and learning capacity, so much so that even sometimes it can be a little stubborn when it comes to obeying an order.
It should also be mentioned that it is a very clean animal that tends to keep your house and yourself without dirt. And he is a great hunter who will show his skills taken gifts in the form of animals hunted to his family. The temperament of the common European cat will depend to a large extent on the very nature of each specimen, but also on how it is treated and educated from a young age.
Diseases of the Common European Cat
The natural development of the breed has made the common European cat one of the strongest and most resistant in the entire feline kingdom. In addition, it adapts with maximum ease to any way of life.
They may develop some diseases common to cats, but not in greater proportion than other breeds. For example, allergies, cataracts, conjunctivitis, gastrointestinal problems by hairballs, etc. To avoid these and other problems as much as possible, it is best to go with your cat to the vet at least twice a year or whenever you notice any strange behavior.
Basic care of the Common European Cat
The care of the common European cat is really simple. All it takes is to follow healthy habits in your day-to-day life, playtime, affection and a proper education. The cat itself tends to take care of its hygiene, although it never hurts to brush it to remove dead hair, and give it a full bath when it is dirty.
Give it dry food and sometimes wet food so it has all the nutrients it needs. Take care of the amounts and rations, since it is easy for a very gluttonous specimen to fatten, and obesity is one of the worst diseases for cats.
Also make sure the cat exercises on a daily basis. There are specimens that are more active and others who prefer to spend most of the day sleeping, but it is important to keep their health playing, running every day. Also remember that the base of a balanced and happy cat is a good education, so start educating him as a puppy and always with firmness and affection.