The Persian cat is one of the best known and numerous feline breeds in the homes of all cat lovers. These so-called aristocratic cats have been part of human history since ancient times, although the variety we know is now relatively recent, and developed in England in the late 1800s from the mixture of the ancestors of the Persian cat and the Turkish angora cat.
It is impossible to accurately define the appearance of the first Persian cats. In any case, the first specimens of this breed were quite far from the characteristics we know today. What they did maintain was their long fur, which is that the upper-class people of the nineteenth century were looking for cats with long hair to achieve a higher status in front of others, since it was not usual to find cats with these characteristics.
It is also not known for sure where the first long-haired cats came from. Today’s common cats, called short-haired Europeans, originate from African cats, but these animals did not have long hair. At least there’s no evidence of that. It is possible then that the first long-haired cats appeared in Asia Minor, but it is also an assumption of which there is no official confirmation.
The first real facts about the Persian race date back to 1620, when the Europeans traveled to Persia and on one of their trips brought with them some cats that they first introduced in Italy. From Italy they expanded to other countries such as France and Britain, and quickly gained popularity due to the aristocrats’ interest in these animals.
Today, it is more than common to find specimens of Persian cat in all corners of the world, and as a pet of families of all kinds. His physical appearance, temperament and adaptability are the characteristics that have earned him so popular around the world today.
Persian Cat Features
The physical appearance of the Persian cat is elegant and glamorous. They stand out for their dense, long and fluffy fur, and for an expression of alertness and intelligence as few have, in addition to the arch-known shape of their face. The Persian cat is a medium-sized animal, which can also become large, and strong and muscular in terms of its structure. It is one of the breeds that has changed the most over the years, and is that the original Persian cat was rather elongated, light and stylized, which contrasts with the wide and robust cats of today. They also show an enlarged belly, one of the keys of the breed that forms due to the adipose tissue attached to the belly.
Similarly, ancient Persian cats had a more elongated snout than current ones, and larger ears. The current Persian breed stands out for the flattened snout, carried almost to the extreme among the Persian cats peke faced, a variant obtained by the hand of the human being, by deliberately reproducing a cat that had been born with a genetic problem. This new variant may seem sympathetic due to the shape of its face and its characteristics, but the truth is that the flat face does them no favor. The Persian cat peke faced may usually present breathing problems or constant tearing, something that also happens in the case of dogs.
The other more traditional variant also has the snout trimmed relative to the original Persians, but much more subtly, and does not pose any health problems for animals. Its head is large and rounded, although it does not look disproportionate in relation to the body. Its small ears stand out, erected on the head, and larger-than-normal eyes, which draw attention for its deep gaze. They are sometimes referred to as doll-faced cats, because of that sweet expression that appears on their face.
One thing that both varieties share, and that is also one of the distinctive and most desired features of the breed, is its mantle. Its fur is prepared in a long, soft and silky mane that envelops the whole body, and that requires a series of concrete care to always stay in perfect condition and avoid the appearance of knots and other problems. As for the coloration, the Persian cat can present a mantle in very different shades. The patterns can be blue, white, black, gold, chocolate, bicolor or Himalayo, as the Siamese cat pattern is known. All of them in different shades and extensions. Hence it is relatively easy to find a Persian cat for anyone’s tastes.
Persian Cat Behavior
Persian cats are usually very quiet and homemade animals, who enjoy spending time with family and without the need for an outdoor space for them to leave. It is even common for animals of this breed that live in garden houses to stay indoors than go outside, even though they have that option.
They are very odd and docile, which implies that they usually want to be on the lap of their owners to be filled with care and caress. For some people they can even be a little overwhelming. They are also very intelligent and adapt well to live with people of all ages, including children, although they usually select a human to be the one who pays the most attention to them.
One of the reasons it is so common to see cats of this breed as pets from families in flats, is that they do not have the same instincts as other cats. They are not independent at all, nor do they have developed instincts for defense or hunting. They are not even maullators, and their voice is soft and weak, barely heard, another reason why he can live in a flat without any problem.
Main Diseases of the Persian Cat
Persian is a cat that unfortunately has a tendency to suffer certain diseases. It is quite common to find animals affected by polycystic kidney disease or symptom of the retained testicles. It is also a breed with a fair propensity to fatten and suffer obesity, especially in neutered cats, which poses a serious danger to their health.
In addition to the above, it is likely that the Persian cat will be affected by other diseases such as toxoplasmosis, malocclusion, glaucoma, dermatitis, urinary tract stones, hip dysplasia, patella dislocation, etc. It does not mean that any cat will necessarily get sick, but it will be more likely than other breeds to suffer any of these conditions.
To avoid these diseases as much as possible, or at least treat them as soon as possible, it is recommended to go to the veterinarian for frequent check-ups. This will also keep your vaccines and deworming, both external and internal, up to date. In addition, it is always essential to have your cat follow some healthy daily habits so that the incidence of some of these problems is lower.
Persian Cat Basic Care
The Persian cat requires more care in general than other feline breeds, due to its physical characteristics and also its genetic inheritance. To begin with, it is necessary to take care of their fur in a very specific way, because knots and tangles can form that in addition to being unsightly can have negative consequences for the animal. To avoid this, it is advisable to brush your coat several times a week, with a suitable brush so as not to damage your skin.
Brushing is essential to remove knots and drag dead hair, however, it is also recommended to give the animal some malt frequently to remove hairballs that accumulate in the stomach during its own cleaning, and that can have worse consequences. Do not leave aside the bathroom, every two or three months, to return all the shine to the fur and to remove dirt and loose hair. Always using a shampoo suitable for cats, which protects your fur and skin.
Another point to keep in mind in the care of the Persian cat is that of cleaning your eyes. It is a breed that tends to tear, which implies that it is necessary to clean them properly to prevent scabs from forming by the accumulation of tears. As precautions, it is important not to use the same cotton to clean both eyes, to avoid possible contagion of bacteria from one to another. This action is essential to maintain the health of the animal, and is that in some specimens the tearing can be constant and abundant, which would require veterinary assistance if not cleaned regularly, even more than once a day.
In addition to care at the aesthetic level, it is important to consider food to maintain your health. As we have already seen, it is a breed with a propensity to fatten, and obesity is especially dangerous in animals. Therefore, we will always have to try to offer you a quality food and in the right quantities, and try not to give it too much wet food, which is much more caloric than dry food. At the same point as feeding, it is necessary to control your level of exercise, since it is what will make the cat stay fit and not fatten so easily. Persian is not a cat that has high exercise needs, so it will be especially up to your family to stimulate you to play and work without exerting an effort. In addition, this cat loves spending time with his family, so it will be quite easy to get him to move if he is in the company of those he loves and respects the most.
At the level of education, it should be noted that the Persian is a docile animal, calm and willing to please his family, so it is also easy to teach him to obey and even some tricks. The Persian cat can be a perfect companion animal for all kinds of family, but you will also have to strive to understand it to get the best relationship with it.
Things to know of the Persian Cat
The worship of people for this feline breed is such that up to 75% of the total cats registered with pedigree belong to the Persian race. And of all of them more and more are those who are looking for a completely flat face, despite not being a natural characteristic of the breed.
Queen Victoria of England was a great amateur to the race. It is known that he had two blue Persian cats, and probably this made many other people also want to share their life with specimens of this breed.
In the same litter can be born specimens of various colors, and usually blue kittens are usually of a size and weight less than orange or golden kittens. In addition, a blue Persian cat is more likely to suffer diseases relative to those of other colors.
The taste for these animals has made many litters of Persian kittens born by pathways that are not always the most suitable. Therefore, if you want to get a Persian cat with which to share your life, you should always go to trusted breeders specialized in the breed. Buying a Persian cat is simple, but doing it in an appropriate place takes a small effort.
Please note that the Persian cat will be priced lower if sold to you by an individual or a pet shop, but with this you will not have any guarantee of its health or provenance, and will be contributing to the indiscriminate breeding of animals. Persian cats are great pets for the whole family, loyal, affectionate and fun. If you strive to get a quality specimen, and to provide you with all the care you require, you will have an unmatched partner for a long time.