If someone asks you about a hairless cat, possibly your first and almost only answer is the sphynx cat. However, there are other bald cats of breed, whose origin is not related to the Egyptian cat. One such case is that of Peterbald, a recently born hairless feline. And this breed made its appearance in 1994, in Russia, through a breeder who enhanced the crosses between cats that were born genetically without hair for natural causes, until fix that characteristic.
According to historical data, the first bed of peterbald kittens, appeared as a result of the cross between an oriental cat and a male of breed Don Sphynx in 1993. From this litter would define the breed in the following years, until it reaches the present day, so it is obligatory that in all current specimens of Peterbald there is a reference to one of these cats.
A few years later, in 1997, TICA officially recognized the breed, since its differences with the Egyptian cat were more than evident. It was also recognized in the WFC and fiFe in 2006, so there is no doubt that the Peterbald cat has earned a position as its own breed.
It is believed that in the breeding line of the Peterbald were also introduced Russian siamese and blue cats, to fix other characteristics such as their oriental aesthetic, although they always maintained their most distinctive characteristic, which is the absence of fur.
Although in Russia it was where the breed always mattered, it soon made the leap to other countries because of the fascination it gained in cat breeders. Thus, it gradually became known, so it is easy to have references from it, although many still confuse it with the Egyptian cat breed.
Today the Peterbald cat breed is quite known worldwide, but it is not one of the most numerous or desired. Still, there are a good number of specimens distributed throughout the geography, so their survival is more than assured in the long term.
Peterbald cats are generally medium-sized, similar to the average of most breeds. Undoubtedly, its most striking and unique feature is the lack of hair, but the peterbald cat is much more than an eye-catching and funny animal. As for its physique, it is perfectly proportioned, balanced and robust, and shows great elegance both in motion and in a state of rest.
Its head is somewhat small compared to the rest of the body, but it compensates for it by being elongated and triangular in shape. The ears are also proportional in size, and remain upright above the head. It emphasizes the expressiveness of their eyes, deep, although not very large, that they look at and that usually remain alert.
It is an elongated feline both in its body and in its legs, in addition to the tail, which implies that it is an athletic and agile animal, trained for any type of exercise, although it is not the most active of cats. What is clear is that their proportions are the right ones, and that in any situation they will denote elegance.
Although it is a breed that is known for not having hair, there can be cases of specimens with a soft layer, such as lint, imperceptible to the eye but that does notice to the touch. The possibilities are diverse, but in general, peterbald kittens will have a total use of hair.
One of the most curious characteristics of this breed, is that it possesses a metabolism faster than most cats. This will have consequences for your physiognomy, for example, in the speed of healing of wounds on the skin, which requires much less time than normal. Similarly, it is an animal that will not get fat easily, and that will require more food than other similar cats in size and weight.
Other breeds of hairless cat tend to spend a lot of time sleeping or resting to keep the heat in your body. The peterbald cat, on the other hand, is an active animal, who spends most of his time playing, researching, and moving. They are curious by nature, so they will generally remain alert and set their interest in everything that involves a challenge or possibility of play.
On the other hand, they are very affectionate animals, which need affection and almost constant attentions. It is very common for a specimen of this breed to chase its owner throughout the house looking for pampering and caressing, so it is not convenient that you spend many hours alone. In case you live in a home where you do not spend much time, you will be unhappy and will be decayed, so it is better to opt for another breed or to ensure that you can at least share your home with other cats or dogs.
Main diseases of Peterbald
Although it may show a fragile appearance by the lack of hair, the truth is that this breed has an enviable health. To date, no inherited disease is known to affect them, and they also have a lower incidence in general of diseases traditionally associated with cats.
Peterbald Basic Care
To ensure the good health of the Peterbald cat, the most important thing is to maintain good daily habits. Food, vet visits, hygiene, education, exercise and affection are the fundamental pillars on which to build the best of relationships with your pet.
Remember that you should often go to visit the veterinarian, to keep your vaccinations and deworming up to date. In addition, they will be perfect times to check your health and rule out or prevent possible diseases.
Due to its type of skin and little or no fur, it is not a breed that requires great care at the level of hygiene and appearance. In order to be in the best condition, it is sufficient to bathe or clean it with wet wipes from time to time, without excessive frequency, and always using specific products for animals. What you do have to keep in mind, especially in winter, is that it requires extra help to combat the cold. Always try to maintain a warm temperature inside the house, and warm it up if you are in cooler than normal situations.
As for food and exercise, they are two issues that are intimately related. As we have already seen, peterbald is a cat that should eat more than would be considered normal because of its metabolism and difficulty getting fat. However, this amount will also have to be regulated through exercise. The more active and playful the cat, the more food it will need. And you can lose weight quickly if you don’t eat enough food or if you eat a low-quality food.
Another point to consider is that of education. The peterbald cat is an easy cat to treat in general terms, but it is always advised to educate it properly from a young age, and socialize it with as many animals as possible to prevent as adults from having some unwanted behaviors.
Peterbald things to know
The name of the breed is due to its creator and its place of origin, the city of St. Petersburg. He took the first part of the city’s name, Peter, and the cat’s feature, bald, which means bald in English. And so formed the name by which today the race is known, Peterbald.
The main difference between the Peterbald cat and the Sphynx cat is the way baldness is transmitted. For the Egyptian cat, baldness is transmitted by a recessive gene, implying that, in a hypothetical cross with a cat with hair, the cubs would be born with hair. In the case of Peterbald, the gene that transmits baldness is dominant, implying that all crosses with a cat of this breed will result in hairless kittens. Hence it can be concluded that both races are not related beyond their physical resemblance and the absence of mantle.
Some cats of this breed are born with hair. However, they will lose it over time until they become completely bald, as their genetics dictates that the mantle should not be found in this animal.
There is the possibility that the specimens of this breed are hypoallergenic by their characteristics. However, it is something that depends a lot on the breeding line and the specimen in particular, so it is not a characteristic that can be generalized to the whole breed.
If you think that the peterbald cat is the most suitable for you, it is time to find a breeder trusted and experienced in the breed that can offer you a puppy with all the guarantees of quality and health. Although this breed is not as widespread or as numerous as others, it is possible to find certified breeders worldwide, so feel free to speak with one of them to begin the exciting adventure of adding a new member to your family.