As the name suggests, the Siberian cat is an animal from the cold Siberian region of eastern Russia. Possibly this is the cause of its abundant mantle of hair, so necessary to protect it from the inclement weather. The theory of its origin states that it could appear as a result of the natural crossing between European cats arriving in this region and the wild cats that inhabited the forests of Siberia, although there is no way to prove the veracity of that theory.
The belief is that these cats have more than a thousand years of history, although their recognition by the people of the Western world is much closer to today. It is also said that, at the beginning of their history, these animals guarded and guarded the ancient Russian monasteries, which they did on their own, without being pets properly at that time.
One of the reasons why there is hardly any documentation relating to this breed has to do with the regime of the former Soviet Union having a ban on owning pets. Back then, it was quite likely that the Siberian cat would live as part of the farmer families to help them maintain their farms free of mice and other vermin, but they hid them to avoid records because of that ban. Similarly, any evidence or description about the animal was avoided to avoid suspicion, and that is why it is so difficult to find ancient information regarding the breed.
We must advance the story until 1889 to find the first reference to the Siberian cat, in a book entitled ‘Our Cats’, named a strange Siberian cat that they offered the author as a gift. Even then, and although evidence shows that the breed had already entered some homes, it would still take several decades to make a hole as a recognized companion animal.
The official recognition of the breed in Russia would arrive in 1987, at which time its standard was also drafted and would begin to be presented in the feline beauty contests. And as early as the following decade it was when the Siberian cat made the definitive leap to other countries, first reaching places like France, Spain or Germany, and later to the United States, where it soon became famous due to its beauty, size and temperament.
Today, the Siberian cat is one of the most beloved and sought after breeds in the world. It has even won the affection of people who claim to prefer dogs, because it has a character that could remind dogs and a size that certainly surpasses some of the small breeds.
Features of the Siberian cat
The main characteristic of Siberian cats is their size, much larger than what is considered the norm in the feline world. In addition to being large, it is also very bulky and burly, with very developed muscles and an imposing appearance both when still and moving. It is curious to see that this animal has a very slow development, and does not reach its final size until its total maturity, which occurs around 4 or 5 years of life. At that time, it is normal that the weight of the adult cat is between the minimum 4 kilos that a female can weigh, up to the maximum 10 kilos that a male can weigh. However, there are no official marks according to the standard, beyond ensuring that the animal is always well proportioned and remains athletic and active.
Also noteworthy among its physical characteristics are muscular and long legs and a tail also of long length and full of hair. Siberian is a large-headed cat, but well proportioned in relation to the rest of the body, large and deep eyes, which can occur in various colors, and a short, rounded nose. The ears are medium-sized, and can be observed to have a slight forward tilt.
Another key to recognizing this cat is its fur. Its mantle is not comparable to that of any other feline breed, and is that it is so dense and strong that it can become difficult to find its body under the three layers populated with hair. It is curious that you can even find locks of hair between the pads, another form of protection against the cold. Regarding the color, the fur of the Siberian cat can appear of virtually any shade, even of a single color, bicolor, or tricolor; perhaps the most common being the siberian orange cat and the white Siberian cat. It is undoubtedly a very special breed capable of falling in love with anyone for its imposing beauty and also for its character.
Siberian cat behavior
The Siberian cat has a unique character throughout the feline kingdom. It stands out for being quiet and affectionate, but also has a overwhelming personality when it is proposed. This means that it is not a cat for everyone, but for those who know how to understand that it is not a submissive animal or that it will blindly obey any order.
Quite the opposite. Siberians are temperamental animals that require constant education, although this does not mean that they are not sociable or that they do not get along with people.
In fact, they are excellent playmates of the little ones, because they prefer activity and play to be doing nothing. It is also recommended that this breed have outdoor space where you can climb, hunt, etc., although always under supervision so that you can not escape. Cats in general and Siberians in particular are very skilled in heights, so it is more than easy for them to leave the house even if it has an elevated fence.
Although they may seem independent because of their strong character, the truth is that Siberian cats do not carry loneliness well. They have a lot of attachment to their family and require high dedication on their part.
Main diseases of the Siberian cat
The breed of Siberian cat has the peculiarity of having been raised through natural selection, and not as a consequence of the hand of the human being. For this reason, it is a very strong animal, which hardly presents health problems and that is much more resistant than other breeds to diseases that generally affect cats. This is an important detail to keep in mind for those who prefer to keep away visits to the veterinarian, although it will always be necessary to keep those necessary to review their general health and to keep up with their schedule of vaccinations and deworming.
Basic care of the Siberian cat
The Siberian cat usually requires more care at the aesthetic level than health, as long as healthy living habits are followed. Its long fur, which appears in three layers, needs constant brushing to not form knots or hairballs that could also be swallowed while it is scired. With these brushes, and a full bath every two months or so, your coat will always look bright and in the best condition.
On the other hand, it is advisable to take into account the feeding on the basis of the exercise of the animal. In any case, you should always bet on a quality diet, and combine dry and wet food so that the cat has all the nutrients. As for the amount, being a large cat will require more food than other breeds, but always in line with the exercise you do.
Following the guidelines above and offering affection, games, education and socialization, the Siberian cat will be the perfect pet for any family, so don’t doubt that it is a breed suitable for you.
Things to know of the Siberian cat
Its coat in three layers, dense and very bushy has been and is its main protection against the low temperatures of its place of origin. Long before this animal was domesticated and became part of the home life of families, it had to survive in the open, and thanks to its physical characteristics it was able to withstand temperatures of up to 30 degrees below zero.
It is one of the so-called hypoallergenic breeds. This is not to say that allergic people can live with them in all cases, but they will be more likely, since this breed generates to a much lesser extent the protein responsible for most animal allergies in humans. However, before purchasing a Siberian cat copy, it is advisable to go to a specialist to do the relevant tests, thus avoiding the possibility of going through a hard trance.
The Siberian cat is considered as the national breed of Russia for its imposing appearance and size, thus taking away the post to other feline breeds that also originated in this area.
If you are thinking of buying a Siberian cat, be sure to do so through a professional breeder, specialized in the breed and responsible. Only then will you have the guarantees about the characteristics and health of the animal, and you will be able to get first-hand information about its care and maintenance. The price of Siberian cat purchased through individuals or animal stores will be lower, but you will not be able to have any guarantees about the origin of your pet, besides that you will be favoring the indiscriminate breeding of Siberian kittens and any other breed.